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Armenia is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Under the old Soviet central planning system, Armenia developed a modern industrial sector, supplying machine tools, textiles, and other manufactured goods to sister republics, in exchange for raw materials and energy. Armenia has since switched to small-scale agriculture and away from the large agroindustrial complexes of the Soviet era. Armenia has only two open trade borders - Iran and Georgia - because its borders with Azerbaijan and Turkey have been closed since 1991 and 1993, respectively, as a result of Armenia's ongoing conflict with Azerbaijan over the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region. Armenia's geographic isolation, a narrow export base, and pervasive monopolies in important business sectors have made it particularly vulnerable to the sharp deterioration in the global economy and the economic downturn in Russia. Armenia is particularly dependent on Russian commercial and governmental support and most key Armenian infrastructure is Russian-owned and/or managed, especially in the energy sector, including electricity and natural gas. Remittances from expatriates working in Russia are equivalent to about 20% of GDP and partly offset the country's severe trade imbalance. Armenia joined Russia in the Eurasian Economic Union upon the bloc's launch in January 2015.
Armenian Dram (AMD) - national currency of Armenia.
|2021-03-29||Fitch Ratings affirms Armenia at "B+" (LT Int. Scale (foreign curr.) credit rating); outlook stable|
|2021-03-29||Fitch Ratings affirms Armenia at "B+" (LT Int. Scale (local curr.) credit rating); outlook stable|
|2021-01-27||New bond issue: Armenia issued international bonds (XS2010028939) with a 3.6% coupon for USD 750.0m maturing in 2031|
|2021-01-25||Upcoming issue: Armenia|
|2020-10-06||Fitch Ratings downgrades LT Int. Scale (foreign curr.) credit rating of Armenia to "B+"; outlook stable|